17th c Spanish Cannon (named San Pedro)

Cannon mounted on a four wheeled carriage with the following inscription: "This gun is believed to have been taken at Manilla by Draper in the year 1762 AD" 

According to HD Love this is one of two cannons taken from Manila that used to flank the escudo de armas and plaque installed at the Artillery Park inside Fort St  George in 1776. (1)

According to Museum records, this cannon was named San Pedro.


A visual inspection of the canon in April 2023 by Cristina Juan showed that the canon has the coat of arms of Spain and another smaller and older inscription in Spanish that gives a clue regarding the canon's provenience.The very faded text seems to indicate that the canon was cast in 1604 at "Chapulrepeque," by order of Don Juan of Mendoza and Luna, Marquess of Montesclaros." 

A similar cannon named  San Lorenzo, a few inches shorter in length, also bears  the arms of Spain and has a similar inscription of its provenience. According to Lovelace, these 2 cannons came with "480 pieces of brass ordnance, captured at Manila."  A few pieces of these brass helmets and shields are still kept at the Government Museum in Chennai.

(1) (see pp n630 from Love, H. D. , Vestiges of Old Madras Volume 2 (1996)

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