Fernando C. Amorsolo was born in Paco, Manila in 1892. He enrolled at the University of Philippines School of Fine Arts in 1914, training under European classical tradition. Amorsolo was an artist who painted in the realist style and as a result became not only admired but extremely influential. During the Second World War, Amorsolo stayed in Manila and began producing journalistic and melodramatic paintings. Galvanised by the events around him, he departed from his usual subject matters of idyllic images of the countryside, such as men and women planting rice, for which he had become well-known. Defend Thy Honour depicts a theatrical scene of a male hero stalwartly defending a woman from rape by a Japanese soldier.