Fichu, 1800s (Pañuelo)

Pañuelo ( SP) or Alampay ( Filipino) is a starched square neckerchief usually made of sheer material worn over the camisa. It usually measures approximately 85-90 centimeters (34 to 36 inches). The pañuelo is square-shaped and would have been folded in half into a triangle when worn. They were an integral and distinctive part of the 18th and 19th centuries baro't saya and traje de mestiza ensembles of Filipino women as they brought modesty to the relatively low neckline of the traditional camisa shirts. (Gonzales, 25)

The pañuelo uses the sombrado technique, a method in which curvilinear pieces of fine fabric are applied to the same or similar fabric base, creating "shadow" designs. (Gonzales, 25)

Source : Gonzales, G., Higgins, M. L., Castro, S. B., Villegas, R. N., & Bitagcol, J. A. (2015). Fashionable Filipinas: An evolution of the Philippine national dress in photographs, 1860-1960.

Annotation: Pañuelo/Alampay was added for additional information 
by: Noel Jordan Racca

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